7 Key Principles For Basic Website Design
What separates design from any art is that design is meant to be — functional. This what should be the aim of creating any web pages for your site visitors.
In designing a website, the key point to remember is that it must be first user-friendly and functional.
As a business, you’ll need a website design to serve you by drawing the attention of prospects to become potential clients. Having a website that looks appealing to the site visitors is one thing and it being user-friendly is another.
Creating a balance in your website design process by following the key design principles, improves the experience of your website.
Statistics and facts on the website design, according to Hostingfacts.com:
- As of December 2018, there are approximately 1.94 billion websites in the world.
- Over 4 million blog posts are published on the Internet every day.
- Google is the world’s most visited website, followed by Youtube and Facebook. Chinese search engine Baidu is the world’s fourth most visited website.
- WordPress is the world’s number one CMS, with a 59.7 per cent market share and about 22.6 million active sites.
As websites are being created every day ranging from e-commerce, blogs, online community among others the facts remain the experience you create will depend on the given set of design principles that we will cover in this article.
As the trend illustrates that 63.4 per cent of all mobile phone users by 2019 will access the Internet from their mobile phone. It is important to conder the mobile device in your website design process.
- There are 3.7 billion global mobile Internet users as at January 2018.
- Mobile e-commerce will be responsible for $2.32 trillion — or about 67.2 per cent — of e-commerce sales by 2021.
The point of having a mere website might make the site not be functional leave alone the converting the site visitors to potential customers.
Let’s go through, some of the principles of good basic website design:
1. Visual Hierarchy
So, visual hierarchy is all about knowing where the visitor will look first and then eye move across a web page.
Our eye movement (visual hierarchy) is mostly based on the arrangement of the visual elements font size, colour, texture and white space on a web page.
The principle of the visual hierarchy should guide how a designer arranges the information according to its importance for visitors to convert in the process.
Your website calls to action, forms, and value propositions need to be clear and visible from the arrangement of content for the website visitor to understand the action needed.
Knowing the objective that you would wish to achieve, should guide you to draw the attention of viewers to that element of significant value to your business.
For example, if you are having an e-commerce website any prospects would need to grasp where the price tag of a product is, where add to a chart is and the check out too. The eye needs to land on these areas automatically for you to increase in your sales.
First, find out which information is the most important and which is less crucial. This will guide on how to position them.
Secondly, have the most vital information at the place where the viewer’s eye is likely to land first as the attention span of people decrease as they progress to stay on your website.
2. Grid Systems
The Grid System is a structure comprising a series of lines — vertical or intersecting dividing a page into columns or modules.
This framework formed by the grid serves as a guide for the page layout. While in some instance the lines of a grid are not necessarily visible others opt to have them.
To break it down, think of it as a skeleton or wireframes on which a designer can organize graphic elements for example where the text sections will be, images and other functional elements.
As a designer arrange content on the page, this structure helps you to manage the proportions between the elements to be aligned on the page.
Many variations to the grids when trying them out help the designer to build better digital products. With proper execution of grids with the different design elements together to achieve effective hierarchy, alignment and consistency make the design appear thoughtful and well organized.
Grids are also essential to create responsive designs for mobile devices. When creating a social media page design so that people can stay on the page that has all elements placed in the right proportion.
Grids are essential in the design process of a website in arranging text, images and other design elements. Grids also work similarly in the arrangement of a magazine, newspaper or a book. You should use grids also keep different elements in their right proportions.
3. White Space
Whitespace is the negative areas in a composition. It is the space between columns, margins, graphics, and lines, etc. It is basically referred to as “blank space” however it is of significance as a design element.
Designing clean web pages that are minimalistic makes the viewers focus on some key visuals such as products or service that are essential.
The space between different elements that gives viewers some visual breaks when they process design, minimizing distractions and making it easier to focus.
The negative area created by the white space is about careful use of the hierarchy of information in the form of images, colours or typeface.
The concept of having a blank space is beyond aesthetic as they actually have an impact on how we take in and process new material. In the case of too much information or visual data crowded in a given area causes it difficult to absorb.
Design with white space around its elements make the design to stand out and clean, easy for the readers to process the information.
4. Web Safe Fonts
A typeface is a powerful tool in expressing personality, grab attention and create memories. Web designers would use typography on websites to engage your audience.
As an individual load your web page either on a desktop or a mobile phone, from any browser, depending on the font installed on their machine, your website may not display with your web font as your view on your end.
Using web safe font ensures that your website visitors have a consistent experience as they as they view your pages.
Maintain a minimum number of fonts used in your website to have an appealing experience.
The typefaces used need to be simple, clear and classical like serif, sans-serif and also, slab serif will communicate this clearly.
5. Hick’s Law
Delivering a good user experience requires that first, you find out the functionalities that will answer their needs. Second, you need to guide them to the specific functions they need most.
What you need to avoid most is users ending up being stuck in the decision-making process, making they feel confused, frustrated and end up leaving your website.
It is, therefore, better to eliminate as many distracting elements as you can. Add better filters so that users can make decisions seamless.
According to Hick’s Law — the more choices you present your users with, the longer it takes them to reach a decision.
Hick’s Law helps you analyze the functions you need to add at any part of your website and how it will improve the experience of the users as they approach decision making.
Consider the typical process a website visitor would take to decide on which action to take. You might need to pilot a survey on how the experience is with the website visitors in making decisions to your call to action, or forms etc.
Also, limit your navigation options on the web page to have easy navigation. You should also limit the number of lists.
Keep the interactive options restricted to fewer numbers as it is stated Keep It Simple for a better decision-making process.
Having these fundamental principles in mind when designing your website should make the result to look appealing and useful to the viewers, and eventually turn them into your potential customers.
Which principles to follow from time to time when developing a website?